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Indian Knowledge Systems

    Indian Knowledge Systems
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Knowledge Traditions and Practices of India (Code No. 073) Syllabus Summary


The "Knowledge Traditions and Practices of India" course, introduced as an elective subject at the Senior Secondary level for classes XI and XII, aims to acquaint students with the rich and diverse knowledge traditions and practices of India. This initiative, started in the 2012-2013 academic session as a pilot and expanded to all schools in 2013, seeks to provide students, after ten years of general education, with a deeper understanding of India's intellectual contributions across various fields.

Course Objectives

  • To introduce students to the rich heritage of Indian knowledge systems.
  • To explore the interdisciplinary nature of Indian knowledge traditions.
  • To develop an appreciation for the contributions of India to various fields such as mathematics, astronomy, architecture, and more.

Course Content

The syllabus is divided into various units, each focusing on a different aspect of Indian knowledge traditions. Some of the key units include:

  • Philosophical Foundations of Indian Knowledge Systems: An exploration of the fundamental philosophical concepts underlying Indian traditions.
  • Mathematics in India: The development of mathematical thought in India, including contributions to algebra, geometry, and calculus.
  • Astronomy in India: A study of Indian advancements in astronomy and their impact on other civilizations.
  • Architectural Knowledge: Understanding the principles of Indian architecture and town planning.
  • Environmental Science: The traditional Indian approach to environmental conservation and sustainable living.


The course includes both theoretical and practical assessments to evaluate the students' understanding and appreciation of Indian knowledge traditions. The evaluation scheme is designed to encourage in-depth study and personal reflection on the subjects taught.


This syllabus for "Knowledge Traditions and Practices of India" represents a comprehensive effort to introduce senior secondary students to the rich and diverse intellectual heritage of India. Through this course, students are expected to develop not only a deeper understanding of Indian knowledge systems but also an appreciation for the country's contributions to global civilization.