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The Hunchback of Notre Dame


The Hunchback of Notre-Dame


"The Hunchback of Notre-Dame" is a novel by Victor Hugo set in the heart of medieval Paris, at the Notre Dame Cathedral. It tells the story of Quasimodo, the deformed bell-ringer of Notre Dame, and his unrequited love for the beautiful gypsy, Esmeralda. Quasimodo is adopted by Claude Frollo, the archdeacon of Notre Dame, who becomes obsessively in love with Esmeralda, leading to tragic consequences.


  • Quasimodo: The hunchbacked bell-ringer of Notre Dame, who is feared and shunned by society due to his physical appearance.
  • Esmeralda: A kind and beautiful gypsy girl, who captures the hearts of many, including Quasimodo and Frollo.
  • Claude Frollo: The archdeacon of Notre Dame, whose obsession with Esmeralda drives much of the novel's conflict.
  • Phoebus: A handsome captain of the guard, whom Esmeralda falls in love with.


  • The Nature of Beauty and Love: Explores the idea that true beauty and love are found within, contrasting Quasimodo's outward appearance with his inner goodness.
  • Justice and Societal Prejudice: The novel critiques the justice system and societal norms that marginalize individuals based on their appearance or class.
  • Sanctuary and Asylum: Notre Dame itself is a central character, offering refuge and acting as a witness to the unfolding drama.


Victor Hugo's "The Hunchback of Notre-Dame" is a timeless tale that combines elements of gothic romance, tragedy, and historical fiction to explore deep themes of love, beauty, and morality. Its depiction of 15th century Paris and the majestic Notre Dame Cathedral serves as a backdrop for the complex interplay between its characters, making it a masterpiece of French literature.