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The God of Small Things


A Study of Arundhati Roy's "The God of Small Things" from the Perspective of Ecofeminism

This study explores the intricate layers of ecofeminism in Arundhati Roy's seminal work, "The God of Small Things." Roy's novel is a poignant exploration of the interconnectedness of environmental degradation and the subjugation of women, set against the backdrop of Kerala, India. Through its vivid characters and rich narrative, the novel critiques societal norms and highlights the parallel exploitation of nature and women.

Key Themes

  • Ecofeminism: The study examines how ecofeminism is woven through the narrative, revealing the exploitation of the natural world and its linkage to the oppression of women. Roy uses the setting, a biologically rich and diverse Kerala, to mirror the complexities and struggles of her female characters.

  • Environmental Degradation and Gender: A critical analysis of how environmental destruction disproportionately affects women, illustrated through the lives of the novel’s characters, such as Ammu and Rahel. The book discusses how the patriarchal system exacerbates environmental and gender injustices.

  • Resistance and Resilience: The resilience of the novel's characters in the face of environmental and societal challenges serves as a metaphor for broader resistance against oppressive structures. The study highlights how Roy champions a form of ecofeminism that calls for solidarity in the fight against exploitation.


Arundhati Roy's "The God of Small Things" serves as a compelling narrative that bridges the gap between environmental activism and the struggle for gender equality. This study underscores the novel's significance in ecofeminist literature, showcasing how intertwined the fate of the environment is with the liberation of women.

Through detailed analysis, the study illustrates how "The God of Small Things" is not only a critique of societal norms but also a call to action against the dual oppressions of eco and gender injustices. Roy's narrative is a testament to the power of storytelling in highlighting complex issues such as ecofeminism, making it a crucial read for those interested in environmental studies, gender studies, and literature.